What are mice and rats?
Mice and rats are both types of rodents. While mice and rats share many characteristics, including that they are common household pests and have the ever-growing front incisors that all rodents possess, there are some notable differences between the two.
- Adult mice are smaller and more slender than adult rats.
- Mice have long, thin tails covered in hair, while rats have short, thick tails that lack hair.
- Compared to the size of their head, mice have more prominent ears than rats.
- Rats are naturally careful, while mice tend to have a more curious nature.
In the Birmingham area, the most common species of mice and rats to find their way to our properties are the house mouse, field mouse, Norway rat, and roof rat. Rodents cause many problems when living in your home; schedule an exclusion service or home pest control treatment to get them out!
Are mice and rats dangerous?
Mice and rats are unsavory pests that are dangerous to both people and our homes. The biggest reason that mice and rats are so unwanted is that they can spread diseases, bacteria, and parasites throughout any home they find their way into. In addition, their nesting sites and the accumulation of feces and shed fur in their nests emit allergens that can cause breathing difficulties, skin rashes, and foul odors.
Rats and mice are also destructive pests that chew their way into food containers and damage furniture, clothing, walls, and floors with their sharp front incisors.
Why do I have a mouse or rat problem?
Mice and rats are prolific breeders and live worldwide in large populations. Rodents are pests that nearly any homeowner, whether they live in an urban, suburban, or rural community, will have to deal with at one time or another.
Rodents like to live near people because we provide them with easy access to food, water, and safe shelter. The following things are very attractive to rodents and likely to make mice and rats want to make themselves comfortable on your property.
- Scraps of food in outdoor eating areas
- Vegetables in gardens
- Fruit from trees and bushes
- Leaky pipes and fixtures
- Clogged gutters and low-lying areas
- Woodpiles, brush piles, tall grass, overgrown landscaping
- Sheds and garages
Where will I find mice and rats?
Because they are prey animals, mice and rats prefer to stay out of the limelight. If they make themselves too well known, they become someone's dinner! Therefore, you aren't likely to see mice and rats walking casually around your yard and home. These pests hide behind walls, under floors, behind appliances, and in attics or basements when they get into our homes.
Rodents are typically nocturnal; they rest during the day and emerge at night to forage for food sources. If mice or rats have found their way into your home, you are more likely to notice their signs than see the pests themselves. Some of the most common signs of a rodent infestation include:
- Hearing noises behind walls or above ceilings, especially during the evening hours.
- Finding holes or gnaw marks in food packages, furniture, clothing, rugs, walls, or cabinets.
- Discovering their dark droppings on the floors, in drawers, cabinets, or cardboard boxes.
- Noticing a foul, musty odor has developed in some regions of your home.
How do I get rid of mice and rats?
Mice and rats are pests that want to live with us, which makes getting rid of them difficult and frustrating. The easiest and most environmentally-friendly way to eliminate rodents from your Alabama home is to partner with Pest Control Experts. Mother Nature herself would approve of how we handle problems with rodents and other household pests. Our Pure Organix program will provide you with the interior and exterior services necessary to rid your home of unwanted pests without the use of harsh chemicals!
For Birmingham homeowners who want to learn more about our guaranteed pest control programs, contact us at Pest Control Experts today!
How can I prevent mice and rats in the future?
Use the following simple strategies and tips to keep mice and rodents from moving into your home:
- Fill in gaps and cracks around your home's exterior using wire mesh, caulk, or steel wool.
- Make sure to repair any roof damage.
- Make your yard less enticing to rodents by maintaining gardens, keeping outdoor eating areas free of food debris, and removing bird feeders.
- Make sure trash cans inside and outside your home have lids on them.
- Rodents love properties with lots of hiding spots, remove clutter from your yard and home where they can nest and feel safe.
- Store your family's leftover food in the fridge or hard-sided containers with lids to keep it out of the reach of foraging rodents.