Updated: Feb 21
Mosquitoes are among the most annoying and dangerous pests found in the southeastern United States. They are not only responsible for causing skin irritation and allergic reactions, but also for transmitting life-threatening diseases such as West Nile virus, Zika virus, and malaria. Because of these risks, it may be necessary to control mosquito populations in order to protect public health. The team at Pest Control Experts has been utilizing various techniques and methods to reduce mosquito populations, with one of the most effective ways coming via our integrated pest management (IPM) practices. In this blog post, we will discuss common mosquito species found in our area, the risks associated with them, and solutions employed by Pest Control Experts to control their populations without harming the environment in the process.
What is Smart Mosquito?
Smart Mosquito is a mosquito management program created by the founder of Pest Control Experts, T. Brian Lynch, Jr. that utilizes a scientific approach to mosquito reduction by targeting mosquitoes and their reproductive processes. Rather than the conventional method of mosquito prevention which requires constant widespread spray applications, Smart Mosquito is just that...smarter! Our once-per-month program stops the problem before it starts. It also helps keep the mosquitoes under control throughout the entire mosquito season. Our expert technicians will install and monitor a custom designed mosquito prevention system made specifically for your property. While most mosquito prevention programs require a spray application once every 3 weeks, Smart Mosquito does not, requiring up to 85% fewer chemical applications. Anyone interested in a FREE property inspection and price quote, please click here to connect with our team.
Curious about mosquito biology? Keep reading!
The 4 Most Common Types of Mosquitos in Alabama
The southeastern United States is home to various mosquito species that have different habitats, behaviors, and breeding habits. The most common mosquito species found in this region include the Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, and Psorophora mosquitos.
Aedes mosquitoes are known to be aggressive daytime biters that lay their eggs in small containers such as flowerpots, buckets, and discarded tires. They are responsible for transmitting diseases such as dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika virus.
Anopheles mosquitoes are nighttime biters that prefer to lay their eggs in stagnant water, such as ponds, swamps, and marshes. They are the main vector for malaria, a life-threatening disease that affects millions of people around the world.
Culex mosquitoes are also nighttime biters that lay their eggs in standing water, such as in storm drains and bird baths. They are responsible for transmitting diseases such as West Nile virus and encephalitis.
Psorophora mosquitoes are large and aggressive biters that prefer to lay their eggs in moist environments such as marshes, swamps, and ditches. They are commonly referred to as "floodwater mosquitoes" because their eggs require flooding to hatch.
Risks Associated with Mosquitos
Mosquitoes are not only a nuisance, but they also pose significant health risks to humans and animals. They are responsible for transmitting a variety of diseases, including malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya, West Nile virus, and Zika virus. In the United States, West Nile virus is the most common mosquito-borne disease, with over 2,000 cases reported each year.
Symptoms of mosquito-borne diseases vary depending on the type of virus, but they generally include fever, headache, muscle pain, and fatigue. Severe cases can result in neurological complications, such as encephalitis and meningitis, which can be life-threatening. It is important to note that not all mosquitoes carry diseases, and not all people who are bitten by an infected mosquito will become sick. However, it is essential to take precautions to reduce exposure to mosquitoes and protect yourself from potential infections.
How Smart Mosquito uses Integrated Pest Management Practices to Control Mosquito Populations
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a pest control approach that involves the use of multiple techniques and methods to control pest populations. IPM is a more sustainable and effective approach to pest control than traditional methods that rely solely on chemical pesticides. Pest control experts in the southeastern United States have been utilizing IPM practices to control mosquito populations and reduce the risks associated with mosquito-borne diseases. Here are a few of the ways Smart Mosquito works:
One of the most effective ways to control mosquito populations is to eliminate their breeding habitats. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water, so eliminating standing water sources can reduce their population. Pest Control Experts can identify and eliminate standing water sources in and around homes, such as bird baths, pet bowls, and rain gutters. We can also advise homeowners to repair leaky faucets and drain outdoor containers regularly.
In addition to habitat modification, Smart Mosquito also uses larvicide control methods to target mosquito larvae before they can mature into adults. Larvicides are chemicals that are applied to standing water sources to kill mosquito larvae. These chemicals are safe for humans and animals, but they are effective at targeting mosquito larvae. Our experts technicians can apply larvicides to standing water sources, such as storm drains and ditches, to prevent mosquito populations from growing.
Adult Mosquito Control
Adult mosquito control methods involve targeting adult mosquitoes directly. Smart Mosquito uses various techniques to reduce adult mosquito populations, including:
Source reduction: This involves eliminating or reducing the breeding habitats of adult mosquitoes. Pest control experts can use insecticides or physical methods to target adult mosquitoes in their breeding habitats.
Insecticide sprays: Pest control experts can use insecticide sprays to kill adult mosquitoes. These peak-season sprays can be applied outdoors and indoors, and they are extremely effective at reducing adult mosquito populations during the height of the reproductive season.
Mosquito traps: Mosquito traps are devices that attract and trap adult mosquitoes. Pest Control Experts' uses various types of mosquito traps, such as CO2 traps, UV light traps, and mosquito lures, to capture and kill adult mosquitoes.
Biological Control: Biological control involves using natural predators or pathogens to target mosquito populations. Licensed pest experts can introduce natural predators such as fish and dragonflies to standing water sources to eat mosquito larvae. They can also use bacterial toxins such as Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (BTI) to kill mosquito larvae.
Mosquitoes are a significant health risk in the southeastern United States, and controlling their populations is essential for protecting public health. Integrated pest management practices are an effective and sustainable approach to controlling mosquito populations. Pest Control Experts uses various techniques, such as habitat modification, larvicide control, adult mosquito control, biological control, and education and outreach, to reduce mosquito populations and prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases. By implementing these IPM practices, PCE can reduce the risks associated with mosquitoes and protect public health for folks all over Alabama.